About 30 km to the northwest from Tay Ninh town, Lo Go Xa Mat National Park is located on the territory of four districts of Tan Lap, Hoa Hiep, Tan Binh, and western part of Thach Tan Bien district, Tay Ninh province, which is the transition between the Central Highlands and the South East.
With an area of 18,765 ha, the national park is divided into three sub-zones, in which strict protection zone is 8594 ha, ecological rehabilitation section is 10 084 ha, and administrative and service area is 87 ha, Lo Go Xa Mat National Park is a special-used forest with the cover surface accounted for 26% of the total area of natural forest cover of the province.
There is the type of inlaid forest between semi-evergreen forest, deciduous forest on the lowland and evergreen forest along narrow rivers and mangrove forests. There is also swampy strip of pasture land with rush mats near the border with Cambodia.
The flora of the park is very various and rich with 696 species of plants on five sectors, 60 sets, 115 families and 395 lines. There are 158 species of medicinal plants, which are able to or have been used as local traditional medicines for 58 species of wood; 21 species of ornamental plants and 10 species of food plants, 7 plants used as vegetables.
Fauna with 415 species including some species of animal as typical black Douc langurs (Pygathrix nigripes), silver langur Indochina (Trachypithecus villosus), monkeys (Macaca arctoides), bear (Ursus thibetanus), red wolf (Cuon alpinus) and gold wolf (Canis aureus), small coolie (Nycticebus pygmaeus), pig-tailed macaques (Macaca leonina), long-tailed macaques (M. fascicularis) …
The bird fauna in this national park is characterized with 203 species of 15 sections and 40 families. At the wetland habitats, it has been recorded that there are forests with rare water birds such as Giang sen rare (Ciconia episcopus), Leptoptilos javanicus and wild goose (Anastomus oscitans), etc. It was also the stop of the red species of crane (Grus antigone) on the migration route between the Mekong River Delta on the breeding ground in Cambodia. Therefore, Lo Go Xa Mat is also recognized as one of the Important Bird Areas in Vietnam.
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Currently, the park has four rare species recorded in Vietnam Red Book and global conservation concern: purple hip pheasant (Lophura diard), Leptoptilos javanicus, White stock Crane (Ciconia episcopus), red head chicken (Peacock Pheasant Polyplectron germaini).
In the American war, Lo Go Xa Mat is the basis of Liberation Radio of South Vietnam, also former revolutionary bases of the Liberation Army. Therefore, this area also has great significance historically.
With a unique geographical position, Lo Go Xa Mat National Park has natural resources and huge potential to develop tourism, especially eco-tourism with back-to-root cultural tourism.